Category PS4 Jailbreaking       Thread starter PSXHAX       Start date Mar 10, 2018 at 1:25 AM       13,455       18            
Since the PS4 EBOOT / ELF FW Patcher Barthen Method and recent Free PS4 SaveData Decrypting Tools in development, CarlosCorcoles (aka Barthen) let us know on Twitter that he's added some information about keystone files to the PS4 developer wiki today! :ninja:

To quote from the PSDevWiki page: Keystone

This file is generated on app package generation based on the passcode provided. It is then included in every savegame created by the app. It is used to prevent apps from mounting savedata of other apps, as you need to know at least the fingerprint to do it.


The passcode is a 32 character string used on package generation to create the keystone file.


Size is always 96 (0x60) bytes for both PS4 and PSVita.

Offset Size Description Example
0x0 0x20 MAGIC ("keystone") and some constant bytes 6b 65 79 73 74 6f 6e 65 02 00 01 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00
0x20 0x20 HMAC-SHA256 (32 bytes) of the bytes of the passcode using keystone_passcode_secret as key -
0x40 0x20 HMAC-SHA256 (32 bytes) of the previous two sections using keystone_ks_secret as key -
Sample keystone file generation


public static byte [] GenerateKeystoneFile (string passcode)
   // 1. The first 32 bytes are constant
   byte[] keystone = {
       0x6B, 0x65, 0x79, 0x73, 0x74, 0x6F, 0x6E, 0x65, 0x02, 0x00, 0x01, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00,
       0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00, 0x00

   // 2. Convert the 32 characters of the passcode to a byte array
   byte[] passcodeInHEX = Encoding.ASCII.GetBytes(passcode);

   // 3. Calculate the fingerprint of the passcode
   HMACSHA256 hmac = new HMACSHA256();
   hmac.Key = keystone_passcode_secret;

   byte[] fingerprint = hmac.ComputeHash(passcodeInHEX);

   // 4. Concat the 32 bytes from point 1 and the 32 bytes from point 3
   keystone = keystone.Concat(fingerprint).ToArray();

   // 5. Calculate the SHA256Hmac of the 64 bytes from point 4
   hmac.Key = keystone_ks_secret;
   byte[] sha256hmac = hmac.ComputeHash(keystone);

   // 6. Concat the constant bytes from point 1, the fingerprint from point 3 and the hmac from point 5
   keystone = keystone.Concat(sha256hmac).ToArray();

   return keystone;

Sample keystone file

Sample keystone file created when provided a passcode consisting of all zeros "00000000000000000000000000000000":
The first 32 are constant:
00000000  6b 65 79 73 74 6f 6e 65  02 00 01 00 00 00 00 00  |keystone........|
00000010  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  00 00 00 00 00 00 00 00  |................|
Fingerprint of the passcode:
00000020  29 4a 5e d0 6d b1 70 61  8f 2e ed 8c 42 4b 9d 82  |)J^|
00000030  88 79 c0 80 cc 66 fb c4  86 4f 69 e9 74 de b8 56  |.y...f...Oi.t..V|
SHA256Hmac of the first 64 bytes of the file:
00000040  fa 0d 0c 2e bd 6a 00 80  63 71 3d e8 81 0d 7e 10  |.....j..cq=...~.|
00000050  b7 32 14 3b 91 cd 2e 4f  ea 2d 20 53 10 6e b7 5d  |.2.;...O.- S.n.]|
Documented UserModules KeySet Changes on DevWiki for those interested!
PlayStation 4 Keystone File Details on PS4 Dev Wiki by Barthen.jpg



If we can find it through a save game, encrypted games can be desencrypted, thus we just need a save game file of a game

In a savegame there are two files sce_scdmemory. Can we obtain the passcode through this one?


Any video showing how to do it?

Has anybody tried to do something with this information?

No news about this information? About how to extract the passcode???
Recent Articles
Sony Introduces PlayStation Player Celebration to Win Exclusive Prizes
Proceeding the launch of their Mobile & Web Competition Center, today Sony invites PlayStation Gamers to join the PlayStation Player Celebration to play games, earn Trophies to unlock shared...
Red Dead Online Recreation in Dreams on PS4 by Rikkiscafe
We've seen a MGS HD Remake, a FFVII Dreamake, some RDR2 Mods and the latest Red Dead Online PS4 creation in Dreams by Media Molecule comes from Rikkiscafe via iferraz2. 🤠 For those who haven't...
Hunt: Showdown Brings Bounty Hunters to PlayStation 4 Next Week
Next week join the rugged bounty hunters of Hunt: Showdown as they rid the world from the savage, nightmarish monsters roaming the Louisiana swamps! :eek: Hunt's competitive, match-based gameplay...
Rainbow Six Siege: Operation Void Edge PS4 Updates and Reveal Trailer
Following the Tom Clancy's Rainbow Six Siege Operation Blood Orchid PS4 Trailer and Operation White Noise updates this weekend Ubisoft outlined the new Rainbow Six Siege: Operation Void Edge...